Introductory Financial © UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS Accounting

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Leeds University Business School       Semester One 2020/2021

Exam information:


  • There are 7 pages to this exam.
  • There will be 48 hours to complete this exam. We anticipate that this exam should take students approximately 2-3 hours to complete.
  • This exam paper contains three
  • Answer all three
  • If there is a word limit for the question, then it is noted at the end of the question.
  • There are 100 marks available in total. The number of marks for each question is shown.
  • It is recommended that you allow a minimum of 30 minutes to upload/submit your work.

The deadline date for this assessment is 14:00:00 on Saturday 16th January 2021 (UK time).

An electronic copy of your completed answers must be submitted to the exam submission area within the module resource on the Blackboard MINERVA website no later than the date and time stated above.

Faxed, emailed or hard copies of your exam answers will not be accepted.

Late submissions will not be accepted.

Failure to meet this deadline will result in you being marked as absent from this assessment.

Questions during your exam

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Word limit

You are required to adhere to the word limit specified and state an accurate word count on the cover page of your assignment.  Your declared word count must be accurate, and should not mislead. Making a fraudulent statement concerning the work submitted for assessment could be considered academic malpractice and investigated as such.  If the amount of work submitted is higher than that specified by the word limit or that declared on your word count, this may be reflected in the mark awarded and noted through individual feedback given to you Question 1

You are helping Agned Ltd to prepare their accounts for the year ended 31 December 20X3. The following Trial Balance has been provided:


  Dr Cr
  £000 £000
Inventories at 1 January 20X3 545  
Trade receivables 730  
Trade payables   600
Share capital: £1 shares   1,500
Share premium   750
8% debenture loans repayable 20X8   1,200
Retained profits at 1 January 20X3   190
Printing and stationery 750  
Provision for doubtful debts   40
Wages and salaries 890  
Delivery costs 95  
Purchases 3,350  
Sales revenue   7,900
Cash at bank 51  
Rent and rates 320  
Electricity 55  
Loan interest paid 48  
Property at cost 3,000  
Property accumulated depreciation at 1 January 20X3   90
Fixtures and fittings at cost 1,500  
Fixtures and fittings accumulated depreciation at 1 January 20X3   600
Plant and machinery at cost 2,800  
Plant and machinery accumulated depreciation at 1 January 20X3   1,264
Total 14,134 14,134


The following additional information is now available:

  1. Closing inventory at 31 December 20X3 was £910,000.
  2. The rent and rates expense includes a rent payment of £144,000 for the period 1 April 20X3 to 31 March 20X4. iii. An electricity invoice for the 3 months ended 31 January 20X4 for £18,000 was received on 2nd January 20X4.
  3. Bad debts of £30,000 are to be written off.
  4. The provision for doubtful debts is to be adjusted to be 5% of trade receivables, after writing off bad debts.


  1. Depreciation is to be charged for the year as follows:
    • Property 2% per annum straight-line
    • Fixtures and fittings 20% per annum straight-line
    • Plant and machinery 25% per annum reducing balance vii. The second instalment of the loan interest on debentures is outstanding at the year end.

viii.     Corporation tax due to the tax authorities of £615,000 is to be accounted for.



  1. Prepare an income statement for Agned Ltd for the year ended 31 December 20X3, and a statement of financial position (balance sheet) at that date, using all the information available. (The statements need not be in a form suitable for publication but should follow good presentation formats).

(33 marks)

  1. Identify and explain two differences between the financial statements of a sole proprietor and the financial statements of a limited company. (Word count guidance:

300 – 400 words).

(8 marks)

(Total 41 marks)

Question 2

The financial statements of Mog plc for 20X4 and 20X3 are as follows:


Income Statements for Mog plc for the periods ended 31 December 20X4 and 20X3

    20X4   20X3
    £000   £000
Revenue   55,872   48,744

Cost of sales

Gross profit

Administrative expenses

Operating profit

Finance costs      (878)               (1,008)

Profit before tax 2,160   3,242
Taxation (432)   (650)

Profit after tax

Dividends proposed and paid



  1. Administrative expenses includes:              

£000               £000 Depreciation        2,670             4,495

Directors remuneration   450                 380

Auditors fees       150                 130


  1. Interest paid is analysed as follows:              

£000               £000

Interest payable on bank loan   878                 1,008


Statements of Financial Position for Mog plc as at 31 December 20X4 and 20X3

        20X4               20X3


ASSETS     £000               £000

Non-current assets (net book value)                                

Land and buildings           11,600                        11,600

Plant and machinery         7,820             10,490

19,420                     22,090


Current assets                  

Inventory    4,320              7,800

Trade receivables 12,100                        7,100

Bank           5,480              4,402

        21,900                     19,302


TOTAL ASSETS   41,320                        41,392 


EQUITY AND LIABILITIES                     


Equity share capital (£0.50 ordinary shares)     3,000              3,000

Share premium      900                 900

Retained earnings             15,720                        14,292

19,620                     18,192


Non-current liabilities                    

Bank loan

Current liabilities

Trade payables



  1. Using ten key ratios of your choice, analyse and discuss the financial performance of Mog Plc as an investment prospect during the two years of 20X3 and 20X4. (Ratios should be rounded to one decimal place). (Word count guidance: 500 – 600 words).

(30 marks)

  1. Identify two pieces of information, other than the information contained in the financial statements of Mog Plc, which would enable you to prepare a more thorough analysis of the company’s performance. For each additional piece of information, explain why it would be useful for your analysis. (Word count guidance: 200 – 250 words).

(6 marks)

(Total 36 marks)


Question 3

The Cash Flow Statement for Manadi Plc for the year ended 31 December 20X8 is as follows:


Cash flows from operating activities  
Cash generated from operations (see note below) 1,036
Finance costs paid (80)
Tax paid (296)

Net cash from operating activities   

Cash flows from investing activities  
Purchase of property, plant and equipment (524)
Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment  80
Interest received 40

Net cash used in investing activities            (404) 

Cash flows from financing activities  
Issue of long-term interest-bearing borrowings 400
Dividends paid (280)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents 376
Cash and cash equivalents at start of period 160

Net cash used in financing activities            120 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period         



Note: Reconciliation of profit before tax to cash generated from operations

Profit before tax 640
Finance cost 80
Investment income (40)
Depreciation charge 380
Loss on sale of property, plant and equipment 24
Decrease in inventories (£496m – £480m) 16
Increase in trade and other receivables (£584m – £320m) (264)
Increase in payables (£824m – £624m) 200

Cash generated from operations            1,036  Required:

  1. Analyse the statement of cash flows of Manadi plc for the year ended 31 December

20X8 and discuss the company’s cash management over the year. (Word count guidance: 400 – 500 words).


(13 marks)

  1. Explain the purpose of a statement of cash flows and discuss why a statement of cash flows is useful for a business. (Word count guidance: 300 – 400 words).

(10 marks)

(Total 23 marks)



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