How is Indirect Finance different than Direct Finance
NEW YORK UNIVERSITY
College of Art and Science
Money & Banking Dept
Eco 275 Honors
Honors Assignment #3
Please write an about 2-3 pages paper to explore the issues related to the stock market and the bond market.
Please if possible state the source of data/information you may use.
Please find the quarterly data for the USA GDP evolution from 2005 to 2015 and hopefully you can identify the quarters in which GDP was growing and the decline during the latest recession. According to the data, for how many quarters GDP was declining? After the end of the recession, did GDP grow fast relative to the previous recessions? How high the unemployment rate reached during the latest recession?
According to NBER how many business cycles have occurred from 1945 to 2019? On average the period of each contraction/recession how many months has lasted? On average the period of each expansion (trough to peak) how many months has lasted? Looking at the latest recession, how many months the contraction lasted and how it compares to all the recessions after 1945?
Please describe the concept of a Credit Crunch and provide a discussion about if we should expect a credit crunch during a recession. During the latest recession the Federal Reserve in its effort to stabilize the economy, provided ample liquidity to financial markets and commercial banks. Would you expect in this case that consumers and businesses were exposed to a Credit Crunch? What actually happened during the most recent recession and what could be potential explanations?
How is Indirect Finance different than Direct Finance and in which one Asymmetric Information issues plays a role? How does the Principal-Agent problem apply to the risk of collapsing of Systemically Important Financial Institutions? Please explain.
As reference sources for data please use the following sources:
Nber.org, worldbank.org, Stlouisfed.org, bea.gov, federalreserve.gov, bls.gov, econoday.com, bea.org, unido.org
Please provide a list of references for your answers for your paper at the end.